Rising seas, land settling and erosion have claimed approximately two-thirds of the land mass on Tangier Island, Va., since 1850. Photo: Dave Harp

Tangier Island Could Get $25 million to Help Save Shorelines

By Jeremy Cox, Bay Journal News Service

A long-awaited, large-scale fix could soon move tons of earth to help save Virginia’s Tangier Island from disappearing beneath the Chesapeake Bay.

But Congress will have to move first.

The latest version of the U.S. Senate’s 2023 appropriations bill includes $25 million for a project that would repurpose dredge spoil into earthen barriers along Tangier’s shoreline. Officials say the aim is to shield the island’s most vulnerable spots from further erosion, a longstanding problem exacerbated by sea level rise.

“It’s very, very early in the process,” said Greggory Williams, a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers official based in Norfolk. “It’s very conceptual at this point.”

Sen. Tim Kaine, a Virginia Democrat, visited the island Aug. 31 to tout the home-state funding proposal. He acknowledged that several hurdles remain for the bill, including passing the full Senate vote and then getting rolled into the House’s appropriations package. But he is optimistic.

“The good news is we finally have a way in the budget to get not just a little bit [of money] but a lot,” he told a group of about a dozen Tangier residents gathered under an awning next to an ice cream shop on the island.

U.S. Sen. Tim Kaine (center) joins Mayor James “Ooker” Eskridge of Tangier Island, VA, and U.S. Rep. Elaine Luria for a tour around the island and a discussion of shoreline protection on Aug. 31. Photo: Jeremy Cox

Kaine was referring to the process that allows legislators to nominate local projects for funding. The practice, used by Kaine to propose the Tangier spending, returned to Capitol Hill last year after criticisms of so-called “pork barrel spending” sent it to the political sidelines more than a decade ago.

In a community famous for its GOP support—Donald Trump captured 88% of the town’s 236 votes in the 2020 election—Kaine’s spending proposal received a mostly positive reception.

“I know it’s not a completed deal, but it’s very encouraging,” Tangier Mayor James “Ooker” Eskridge told Kaine. “We do appreciate greatly the interest you’ve shown in the community, making Tangier a top priority.”

If the project goes forward, sand and muck would be hauled from the Cape Henry Channel at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay, Williams said. The Army Corps dredges the channel regularly to maintain navigation for large vessels bound for the ports of Baltimore and Virginia.

Where that dredged material would be placed is far from decided, but officials point toward two leading candidates. One is on the eastern side of Tangier, where the land has crept so far inward that residents say saltwater routinely sprays onto homes. The other is along the northwest side of a marshy island, just north of Tangier, that is splitting in two.

“Essentially, you’re trying to reduce the energy of the waves coming in,” Williams said.

The project, he added, would be similar to the restoration of Poplar Island in Maryland. There, the Army Corps constructed walled “cells” and has been filling them with material dredged from the channels leading to Baltimore. The island, which had eroded to just a few acres of land, is on target to reach nearly 1,700 acres, all of it protected for bird and wildlife habitat.

Tangier Island, lying 13 miles southwest of Crisfield, Md., pokes only about 3 feet above sea level on average. The combined effects of sea level rise, erosion and storms have eaten away about two-thirds of the island’s land mass since 1850, leaving slightly more than 700 acres, according to a 2015 study by a veteran Army Corps marine biologist.

Last year, the primary author of that study, David Schulte, forecast in a follow-up that the island’s town will become uninhabitable by 2053, owing to its losing battle with the water. Saving it would cost up to $350 million, he suggested.

Protection has traditionally come to Tangier in drips and drabs. In 1990, the Army Corps completed a stone jetty along the airport runway that abuts much of the island’s western shoreline. The only recent project of significant size was a $2.6 million jetty completed two years ago on the northwest side of the island, aimed at protecting its harbor full of crab and oyster boats.

Kaine said he is aware that $25 million won’t be enough money to secure Tangier’s future. But it’s a start, he added. Once the Army Corps funds a project, it is more likely to continue funding efforts in the area, he said.

“Let’s get this started with a big number,” Kaine told the Tangier residents and community leaders, “not a small number.”