Oyster Recovery Partnership field technicians sort and measure oysters tonged from Maryland's Manokin River during a bottom survey in September 2020. Photo: ORP

Lawsuit Halts Manokin River Oyster Reef in 11th Hour

By Timothy B. Wheeler, Bay Journal News Service

Maryland’s oyster restoration efforts on the Lower Eastern Shore have been put on hold—at least for now—by a court order barring the state from proceeding with plans to build reefs in the Manokin River.

Acting on a lawsuit filed by the elected commissioners of Somerset County, a Circuit Court judge issued a temporary restraining order Nov. 9 prohibiting the Department of Natural Resources from going ahead with reef construction in the Manokin, which flows into Tangier Sound below Deal Island. The project had been expected to begin in a matter of weeks.

DNR is planning to rebuild reefs and plant hatchery-spawned oysters across a total of 441 acres of river bottom, a $30 million undertaking that’s been billed as the largest such restoration in the world.

The Manokin is the last of five Maryland tributaries targeted for large-scale oyster restoration under the 2014 Chesapeake Bay Watershed Agreement. In that pact, which laid out a series of commitments to restore the Bay’s water quality and living resources, Maryland and Virginia pledged to restore oysters in 10 tributaries by 2025, five in each state.

Maryland has finished building reefs and planting hatchery-spawned juvenile oysters in three other Eastern Shore tributaries: Harris Creek and the Tred Avon, both off the Choptank River, and the Little Choptank River. Reef work began this fall in the St. Mary’s River on the Western Shore, with the Manokin reef construction to get underway before the end of the year.

The Manokin restoration work is planned for a 25-square-mile swath of the river that’s been off limits to commercial oyster harvesting since 2010, when the state declared it a sanctuary. Since then, it has been a sore subject for watermen, who say the state’s decision to expand its network of oyster sanctuaries has deprived them of access to once-productive oyster reefs, or bars.

Their grievances came to a head this fall as the DNR prepared to begin reef construction in the Manokin using granite rocks rather than old oyster shells. The watermen say that the use of rocks disrupts crabbing, which is allowed in the oyster sanctuaries, by snagging the baited trotlines.

A delegation of watermen and their supporters attended the September meeting of Somerset’s five-member Board of County Commissioners. And their complaints against the DNR drew a sympathetic response. The county filed suit Oct. 28.

“We want the Manokin River back,” said Eugene Evans, a boatbuilder in Crisfield and a member of the delegation that urged the county to stop state officials from pursuing oyster restoration in the river.

“They [took] it 11 years ago, and it’s causing a hardship on people in Somerset County,” Evans said. “The way they did it, we don’t feel like they did it right… They’re keeping [watermen] from working the oyster bars that’s been there for hundreds of years, that’s legally ours.”

In the suit, the commissioners contend that the county owns that part of the river within its borders—which is to say all of it—and that the state-funded restoration project “impinges” on the county’s right to “protect the public good” and regulate fisheries on the Manokin. The filing also notes that the Manokin was not among the DNR’s first choices for large-scale restoration work.

The DNR originally had chosen Breton Bay, off the Potomac River on the Bay’s Western Shore, as the fifth restoration site. But state officials dropped it after surveys found few oysters alive there, suggesting restoration might not succeed.

The Manokin, selected as Breton’s replacement in 2018, has a more robust oyster population and water salinity conducive to natural reproduction of the shellfish. Annual surveys indicate that oyster abundance has increased since the sanctuary was established, but only about 20 acres have the minimum density of oysters to be considered not needing restoration, according to the restoration plan.

DNR Secretary Jeannie Haddaway-Riccio declined to comment on the lawsuit. But in late October, shortly before the lawsuit was filed, Haddaway-Riccio wrote that her staff had done what they could to address watermen’s concerns. She said that Maryland lawmakers had barred the DNR from changing any sanctuary boundaries, which prevented reopening parts of the Manokin for harvest. And she said the DNR was forced to build reefs from stones because there’s not enough old oyster shell to meet all the needs.

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