This out-of use railroad bridge might become part of a 50-mile recreational trail. Photo: Ben Cunningham/ Allegheny-Blue Ridge Alliance

50-Mile Northern Shenandoah Rail Trail in the Works

By Whitney Pipkin, Bay Journal News Service

A railroad running through the Northern Shenandoah Valley of Virginia was once the lifeblood of a string of small towns along a winding fork of the Shenandoah River. And it could be again.

Though the line hasn’t carried trains through some of these towns for years, a plan to transform the tracks into a nearly 50-mile trail could make it a recreational flagship for a region already dotted by historic battlefields and parklands.

“Fifty miles is a significant stretch to ride or walk or run, but people would also be able to branch out and experience other outdoor activities along the way,” said Jeremy McCleary, mayor of the town of Woodstock, VA, in Shenandoah County, near the 1,000-acre Seven Bends State Park.

A group of citizens and civic leaders has been brainstorming the idea of turning the railway into a trail for years now, despite being told early on that the line’s owner, Norfolk Southern, was not interested. But their vision lurched closer to reality in 2020 when the company said it will consider selling the rail land after all — and even a bit more of it than anticipated.

The original trail idea focused on an out-of-use stretch of single track running from the town of Broadway in Rockingham County, north through Timberville, New Market, Mt. Jackson, Edinburg, Woodstock and Toms Brook to Strasburg — nearly 39 miles in all. Between the small towns, the rail line traverses farm fields and historic battlefields, spans tributaries with high bridges and offers vistas of the Shenandoah Valley and mountains throughout.

A postcard from the early 1900s shows passengers waiting for the train that used to run through Woodstock, VA. The single-track rail line could become a recreational trail in the future. Photo: Shenandoah County Library

The span of track beyond Strasburg, running east to Front Royal, was still in use — until 2020, when a printing plant in Strasburg closed, making the remaining train service from Front Royal untenable. So, when Norfolk Southern said last year it would consider selling the line, the corridor of available track extended all the way to Front Royal, for nearly 49 miles.

Extending the proposed trail length means its starting point would be closer to the Washington, DC, metro area.

“It would put [the trail] an hour’s drive on an interstate from nearly 6 million people,” said Don Hindman, a retired emergency room physician in Woodstock, who has been championing the trail for the past five years. “So I think it would be wildly popular.”

State legislators agreed. Acting quickly on news that Norfolk Southern might be willing to sell, lawmakers added a budget amendment in the midst of a fall session otherwise consumed by coronavirus expenditures. The measure, which was approved, asks the state Department of Conservation and Recreation to study the feasibility of a linear park along the Shenandoah Valley rail corridor and to produce a report by Nov. 1.

As part of that effort, the state agency will ask the public to participate in surveys on the project in April, with plans to hold a public meeting in late summer. Kelly McClary, director of planning and recreation resources for the department, said a similar survey for a similar project — a proposed 50-mile Eastern Shore Rail Trail currently being studied by the Virginia Department of Transportation — garnered 3,400 responses in 2020.

As transportation has evolved, thousands of miles of railways in the country have been turned into trails that are easy to bike or walk because of their low grade. Virginia already has 49 such rail trails, totaling 419 miles, according to the national Rails-to-Trails Conservancy.

DCR’s McClary said two Virginia rail trails that are state parks—the 57-mile New River Trail and the 31-mile High Bridge Trail — are examples of what could be accomplished in the Shenandoah Valley. Like these trails, the rail line in Shenandoah includes a dozen or so bridges that would offer unique vistas once outfitted with railings for safety.

In 2019, growing enthusiasm from towns along the route coalesced into the Shenandoah Rail Trail Exploratory Partnership, which included representatives from Rockingham and Shenandoah counties as well as eight towns, two planning districts and four nonprofits. A 2019 economic impact study commissioned by that group predicted the trail would bring as much as $15 million into the local community — and that was before the trail concept was expanded to Front Royal.

“I just think it would be transformational for our community to have this thing come into play,” said Woodstock Mayor Jeremy McCleary, who considers the initiative a top priority for his town. “Not only would people be able to come out to the beautiful Shenandoah Valley for outdoors recreation, but also I see a real potential for economic development along the trail in the towns — for bike shops and restaurants and coffee bars.”

Hindman, 72, has walked along much of the potential trail land since his retirement and is eager for others to have the same opportunity.

“It’s just unbelievably gorgeous,” he said. “From my standpoint, the best benefit is that this would make the Shenandoah Valley an even lovelier place to be.”

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